Atherosclerosis, a vascular disorder leading to occlusion of the arterial wall, causes several important complications including coronary and cerebral artery diseases. Smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia are well-known risk factors for atherosclerosis. Despite the effctive treatment targeting serum lipid abnormalities, atherosclerosis remains a leading cause of mortality.

MSC's in Atherosclerosis May 2017