A universal use of stem cell therapy is in the transplanting of blood cells (stem) as a treatment for conditions of the immune and blood system, some diseases or to repair the blood system following certain cancer treatments. For patients who have harshly serious burns on their body located on extensive areas, skin cells (stem) are used to develop skin grafts. In Europe, a new treatment for cornea damage has gained approval for marketing. As of now, the treatments mentioned are the only stem cell therapies conclusively proven as being efficient and unassailably safe.

In clinical trials, there are other applications under investigation for an expanding scope of conditions. The fulfillment of these particular practices as being successful is too early to gauge.

Pluripotent cells are getting used in several clinical trials in the following areas:

  • Diabetes

  • Neurological conditions (Parkinson’s disease, Motor Neuron Disease)

  • Spinal cord injury

  • Macular degeneration

  • Myocardial infarction

There are also new clinical trials that make use of the tissue stem cell. There are indications for the following:

  • Cartilage or tendon injuries

  • Multiple sclerosis therapy

  • Leukemia studies

Embryonic stem cell-based therapies are capable of many therapeutic benefits. The cells could get used in the examination of diseases and screen for side effects of drugs that may be harmful. Continued study of stem cell generation into heart muscle cells could give insight to the way in which the heart muscle can induce self-repair following a heart attack.